Paris is the capital of France, as well as its largest city. The city itself has a population of approximately 2.2 million, while the Paris metropolitan area is home to 12.2 million people. Paris is the second-largest metropolitan area in the European Union; only London is larger.
Archaeological evidence shows that the area around Paris has been inhabited for 10,000 years. In its history, it has been a Celtic village and a Roman garrison, and its status as the capital of France dates to the year 987. The city's administrative structure and city limits are largely unchanged from those set in 1860.