What Are the Canadian Provinces?

Dennis Jarvis/CC-BY-SA 2.0

The five westernmost Canadian provinces include British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario. To the east are Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia. Canada also includes the northern territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.

British Columbia sits the furthest west, bordering both Alaska and the mainland United States. The capital city of Victoria sits just a short ferry ride from Seattle, Washington. Neighboring Alberta occupies roughly 661,000 square miles to the east. Major cities in Alberta include the capital of Edmonton and Calgary. Nearly identical in size to the east are Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

Bordering Manitoba is the province of Ontario. The most populated province in the country, Ontario has nearly 13 million residents and includes the capital of Toronto. Next over to the north and east is Quebec, covering more than 1.5 million square kilometers. Neighboring Newfoundland and Labrador rests to the north and east of Quebec.

New Brunswick shares a border with the U.S. state of Maine and is just west of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. Covering just 5,560 square miles, Prince Edward Island is by far the smallest of the Canadian provinces and territories.

The northern territory of Yukon sits north of British Columbia and shares a western border with Alaska. To the east are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. The most sparsely populated and largest province or territory, Nunavut boasts roughly 31,000 residents across nearly 2.1 million square kilometers.