What Are Some of Canada's Natural Resources?

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Canada's resources include fossil fuels, timber, high-quality agricultural land, mineral deposits and an abundance of water. While some resources are found nationwide, others are associated with a specific province or region.

Alberta is best known for its fossil fuel production, specifically the tar sands in the northwest corner of the province. As of 2015, conventional oil reserves are declining, and the province is depending more on bitumen extraction.

British Columbia is at the forefront of the timber industry. Its wide swaths of coniferous forests on the mainland and on Vancouver Island provide lumber for building, paper and other products. The coastal city of Vancouver is a hub for timber exports. The commercial and recreational fishing industries are also healthy in this province.

Saskatchewan and Manitoba are known for their wide open spaces. The Trans Canada highway cuts through both provinces, providing views of endless fields of cultivated land. Saskatchewan is also known for its potash and uranium production. Manitoba, with its extensive lake system, produces hydroelectric power and has a booming recreational fishing industry.

Ontario and Quebec, fronting the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River, are known for hydroelectric production. Atlantic Canada has a healthy fishing industry, produces hydroelectricity and has gypsum and salt deposits.