Canada is located in North America, north of the United States. As of 2014, Canada has 10 provinces, three territories and a population of more than 35 million people.
Canada has a total area of more than 3.8 million square miles. That makes it the second-largest country by area, and its border with the United States is the longest land border shared by two countries in the world.
Canada's area includes more than 344,000 square miles of water. It touches the Atlantic and Arctic and Pacific Oceans, and it has a coastline that measures more than 125,000 miles long. Besides the United States, Canada is neighbors with Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon.