The people who reside in Iceland are referred to as Icelanders. Iceland was discovered in the mid-ninth century by Scandinavian sailors. Today, the population of Iceland is 317,351.
Iceland is located in the north Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland, near the Arctic Circle. The land area of the island is 38,707 sq mi, roughly the size of the state of Kentucky. Iceland is one of the most volcanic regions of the world. Contrary to its name, only 13% of the Iceland's land mass is covered with snow fields and glaciers. Most Icelanders live on the coast line, which offers fertile ground.