The Mediterranean Sea borders Turkey, Greece and Italy. The Mediterranean Sea borders a total of 21 countries and several territories. It is almost entirely landlocked, with only narrow openings at the Strait of Gibraltar, Suez Canal and the Dardanelles.Continue Reading
The Mediterranean Sea has an area of 970,000 square miles and an average depth of 4,900 feet. Its deepest depth, located near the Greek coast, is 16,800 feet. The Strait of Gibraltar connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean near Spain and Morocco. The waters of the sea are mild, with average temperatures between 50 degrees Fahrenheit and 80 Fahrenheit.
Historically, the Mediterranean Sea was an important avenue for trade and development in the region. The Egyptians are believed to have begun sailing the Mediterranean Sea as early as 3000 B.C. Europeans began exploring in the 12th century, increasing trade along its route. Trade began to decline in the 14th century, but increased once more when the Suez Canal opened in 1869. As a result, the Mediterranean Sea became a strategic area for many countries.Learn more about Bodies of Water
Italy borders the Adriatic Sea on the west. Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro, Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina border the sea on the east. In the south, the Adriatic Sea is joined to the Ionian Sea via the Strait of Otranto.Full Answer >
The longest river in Italy is the Po River, which flows over 405 miles from its source in the Val Po of the northern Italian Cottian Alps to its outflow in the Adriatic Sea near Venice. It begins at 6,900 feet above sea level and discharges at sea level.Full Answer >
Three main rivers in Italy are the Po, Adige and Tiber Rivers in terms of length and drainage area. The Po River is 652 kilometers long and has a drainage area of 70,091 square kilometers. The Adige is 410 kilometers long and has a drainage area of 12,200 square kilometers.Full Answer >
Greece shares a border with the Aegean Sea to its east, the Ionian Sea to its west and Mediterranean Sea to its south. Greece has 8,479 miles of coastline and is located in Southern Europe, between the countries of Albania and Turkey, and also shares a border with Macedonia and Bulgaria. The country has a total land area of 81,180 miles, a water area of 813 miles and 689 miles of total land boundary.Full Answer >