Lake Valencia, Lake Maracaibo and Orinoco River are all bodies of water found in Venezuela. The country also relies on the Caribbean Sea for transportation and commercial activities.
Lake Valencia is the largest freshwater lake in Venezuela. The lake is located in the north-central part of the country and is approximately two to three million years old, according to the NASA Earth Observatory. Although the lake has been dry several times in its long history, water levels started rising in 1976.
Lake Maracaibo is even older than Lake Valencia, with an estimated age of 36 million years, according to LakeNet. The lake is the largest in South America, and it is also classified as an ancient lake.
The Orinoco River is home to anacondas, river dolphins, crocodiles and otters. The World Wildlife Fund estimates that the river is also home to more than 1,000 species of fish. These animals are threatened by pollution and the damage caused by mining activities in the area, but as of September 2014, the river was relatively intact.
The Caribbean Sea contains more than 7,000 islands. Many are owned by other countries, but 13 of them are independent nations, according to World Atlas. Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire are some of the closest to the coast of Venezuela.