The area that was Biafra is once again part of Nigeria. Biafra declared independence from Nigeria on May 30, 1967, and the last Biafran officers surrendered to the Nigerian federal government on Jan. 15, 1970.Continue Reading
When Nigeria gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1960, it contained a number of ethnicities and followers of Christianity and animism as well as Islam. This diversity coupled with the wealth disparity between the Muslim north and the oil-rich Christian south led to tensions between the Igbo and Hausa peoples. Between 10,000-20,000 Igbos were massacred in the north, causing around a million more to flee to the Igbo-dominant east. Non-Igbos were then forced out of the east, and the head of Nigeria's aptly named Eastern Region, Lieutenant Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu, declared the area to be an independent republic. The name Biafra was taken from the nearby bay, the Bight of Biafra.
The head of the Nigerian government, Yakubu Gowon, did not accept Biafra's secession, and war broke out. The U.K. and the Soviet Union supported the federal government with weapons while Gabon, Tanzania, Ivory Coast, Haiti and Zambia recognized Biafra's independence, and France sent the secessionists arms. While the Biafrans won a few initial battles, they could not ultimately withstand the federal government's superior numbers. Ojukwu eventually fled the country, and Biafra was reincorporated, but not before more than a million people died in the accompanying battles and starvation.Learn more about Africa
According to The Flag Foundation of Nigeria, the central vertical white stripe of Nigeria's flag represents peace and unity, and it alludes as well to the Niger River, which flows through the country and gives it its name. The green stripes that flank the white section symbolize Nigeria's lush agriculture.Full Answer >
Some of the problems facing vocational and technical training in Nigeria include lack of finances, inadequate training, staff movement, substandard facilities and a curricular that is defective. This type of education is meant to equip individuals with the necessary skills to succeed in the world of employment.Full Answer >
The history of the EFCC in Nigeria, an acronym for the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, began with its establishment in 2003. Since its inception, the commission has managed to prosecute and convict several high ranking individuals on corruption charges, including several bank executives and government officials.Full Answer >
Highly populated countries in Africa include Nigeria, Ethiopia and Egypt. The Federal Republic of Nigeria has the highest population with a projected estimate of 177,096,000 people, as of 2015, according to AnswersAfrica.com. The United Nations' estimates predict that population growth in most African countries will double by the year 2050.Full Answer >