What Are Some Facts About Australia for Kids?

Australia is an island, a country and also a continent. Because of its remote location, Australia has many animal species that live on the island and nowhere else in the world.

Australia is one of the largest countries in the world, but the smallest inhabited continent. Located in Oceania between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans, the country is an isolated island far from the rest of the world, except for some nearby island countries including Papua New Guinea, East Timor, Indonesia and New Zealand. As a result, the ecosystem in Australia is an unusual one with unique animals and plants. Kangaroo, echidna and koala live in Australia and nowhere else.

Australia is famous for its incredible biodiversity. There are Alpine forests, tropical rainforests, subtropical rainforests and broad-leaf rainforests.The country is home to the greatest number of reptile species in the world and many of the deadliest species on the planet. There are poisonous spiders, venomous snakes and dangerous creatures like crocodiles.

Just off the Australian coastlines lies the famous Great Barrier Reef, the biggest coral reef in the world. It is home to more than 350 species of corals and over 1,500 species of fish.

More than one-third of Australia is desert. Referred to as the outback, the country's deserts have scorching temperatures, little water and almost no vegetation. However, Australia also has a lot of fertile land.