There are many endangered species in Asia, including fish such as the Sompong's rasbora of Thailand, mammals such as the south China tiger, primates such Sumatran orangutan of Indonesia, reptiles such as the Red River giant softshell turtle and birds such as the spoon-billed sandpiper. As of February 2015, some of these animals, such as the Sumatran elephant and the Yangtze finless porpoise, are considered critically endangered.
Other notable endangered species include the giant panda and the snow leopard. Some of these animals, such as the spoon-billed sandpiper, migrate throughout Asia and other parts of the world, while others, such as the Singapore freshwater crab, have very limited habitat ranges that are localized to specific parts of single Asian countries.
Other endangered Asian species include the Javan rhino, which has been hunted to near extinction by humans; the Luristan newt, which have been collected to be kept as pets; and the Edwards's pheasant, which is threatened both by human hunters and habitat loss. Some of these endangered Asian animals, such as the tiger, are the focus of conservation efforts by the nations in which their natural habitat is located. For example, both India and Thailand both have special programs to protect the tiger.