What Are Some Facts About the Arctic Lowlands?

The Arctic Lowlands is a region of tundra lying primarily within the Canadian territory of Nunavut. The ground is frozen throughout most of the year, and flora in the area is sparse.

Nunavut is the northernmost territory of Canada and also the newest, existing only since 1999. The lowlands are tundra, meaning that it experiences high winds, a cold climate and poorly drained and constantly frozen soil. Because of this, life is scarce in the lowlands. The flora and fauna that do reside in the lowlands are extremely hardy. Plant life exists mostly in wet, low-lying sites and is mostly moss, grass and sedge with some dwarf shrubs and trees.

Large swathes of the Arctic Lowlands are mostly rocky, cold and lifeless. Muskoxen, caribou, lemmings, ravens and ptarmigan are among the year-round resident wildlife. Polar bears inhabit coastal regions, and wolves and foxes are seen in more fertile areas. There are small human populations in the Arctic Lowlands, though life in the area is extremely difficult. Hunting and fishing are among the only means of sustenance, as the land does not sustain agriculture. Mining is possible in the lowlands, and the land is a source of both coal and natural gas.