Penguins are among the few animals that live in the South Pole. The South Pole is situated in the continent of Antarctica, where temperatures are too frigid most months of the year to be able to sustain much animal life. Due to this, there are no land-based vertebrate animals on the continent. In addition to penguins, approximately 200 species of fish are found in Antarctica's waters.Continue Reading
When winter arrives in Antarctica, most animals will leave land because of the frigid temperatures. Even penguins spend the majority of their time in Antarctica's water. The South Pole is inland, and very little animal life is found there during any months of the year because of its inability to sustain it.
Part of the reason that penguins can survive the frigid temperature is their waterproof plumage and a layer of blubber that insulates their bodies. The four species of penguins that breed on the continent of Antarctica are the Adelie, Emperor, Chinstrap and Gentoo penguins. Some of the fish that are found in Antarctica include the Naked-Head Toothfish, the Rakery Beaconlamp, the Warming's Lantern Fish and the Antarctic Dragonfish. Most of the fish found in Antarctica are notothenioids. The composition of the blood of these fish prevents them from freezing in colder temperatures.Learn more about Antarctica
The North Pole's latitude is 90 degrees north, and the South Pole's latitude is 90 degrees south. The latitude indicates each geographic point's distance from the equator, which lies at zero degrees latitude.Full Answer >
Australia is closer than Africa to the South Pole. Melbourne, Australia's southern-most city, is approximately 3,613 miles from the pole. Cape Town, South Africa's southern-most city, is 3,882 miles away, 269 miles further north than Melbourne.Full Answer >
Due to its inhospitable nature, very few living things call Antarctica home, much less the inland region of the South Pole. The only life forms native to that region are nematodes that live under the ice and other micro-organisms. Even the emperor penguins that migrate inland to breed rarely make it that far south, although occasionally skuas, snow petrels and albatrosses may venture near the pole for brief periods.Full Answer >
Polar bears do not live at or near the South Pole. In fact, polar bears actually live near the Arctic Circle, or North Pole, where they hunt seals through the openings in the frozen water.Full Answer >