What Animals Live in Haiti?

animals-live-haiti Credit: HECTOR RETAMAL/AFP/Getty Images

Haiti is home to rich biodiversity and contains some animals unique to the island, such as the greater bullfrog bat, the sooty mustached bat and the Waterhouse's leaf-nosed bat. The tiburon banded racer and the Haitian pale-lipped blindsnake are examples of reptiles only found in Haiti.

The geography of Haiti is well-suited to its diverse collection of wildlife and plants. Haiti's terrain is generally mountainous, with elevation varying from sea level to 8,790 feet at the peak of the Chaîne de la Selle mountain chain. Rare animals unique to the island, such as the gray-crowned tanager, can be found in the cloud forests of Haiti's southwestern mountain chain. While the climate of Haiti is generally tropical, the numerous mountains can create semiarid climates in certain areas.

National parks contribute to conservation efforts aimed at Haiti's threatened species and overall biodiversity. The two largest national parks are the Morne La Visite National Park and the Pic Macaya National Park. The Hispaniolan hutia is a large, endangered rodent that is protected by these parks. The Hispaniolan solenodon, which is a venomous, shrew-like mammal, is another example of a Haitian protected species. In addition to habitat loss, many of Haiti's indigenous animals are threatened by the introduction of cats, dogs and other non-native species.