A wide variety of animals live in Colombia. In fact, it is home to the highest rate of species by area unit worldwide. The largest species groups in Colombia are the variety of mammals, amphibians and birds.
Colombia's habitats vary wildly, from vast tropical rain forests, mountains and deserts, to lowlands, valleys and wetlands. Because of this, the country is characterized by an unusually high biodiversity rate. Colombia is also home to the largest number of endemisms, or organisms found nowhere else, in the entire world.
One of Colombia's biggest wildlife populations is its bird population. The region is home to more than 1800 species of birds, more than exist in Europe and North America combined. The country's national symbol is the Andean condor, which is one of the largest birds in the world. Other species include the zigzag heron, the purple honeycreeper, the giant hummingbird, the bearded bellbird and many more.
Colombia is home to a reported 456 species of mammals, including the spectacled bear, the Colombian woolly monkey, the red howler monkey, the Andean bear, the mountain tapir, the giant anteater, the giant armadillo and hundreds of others.
Colombia is also where the largest number of amphibians in the world live. The dense rain forests make it possible for hundreds of species to thrive, including more than 200 endangered amphibians. Some notable amphibians include the black-legged dart frog, the giant leaf frog, the Kokoe Dart Frog, and Phyllobates terribilis, the most venomous vertebrate in the world. This is just a small fraction of the vast number of frogs, toads, salamanders and other amphibians that inhabit Colombia.