What Animals Are in the African Savanna Food Web?

There are many animals in the African savanna food web, such as lions, leopards, cheetahs, impalas, warthogs, springbok, gazelle, rhinoceroses, zebra, giraffe, elephants, hyenas, vultures, peacocks and flamingos. Each animal fulfills a critical part in the food web.

National Geographic explains that each animal in the African savanna has a particular purpose in the food web. For example, the second layer of the food web just after producers is the primary consumer, which is a herbivore that eats only plants. In the African savanna, the primary consumers are zebras, warthogs, impalas, springbok, gazelles and giraffe. The next layer is the secondary consumer, which is a carnivore that eats meat. The animals in this category include lions, leopards and cheetahs. There are also omnivores, which bridge the primary consumer and secondary consumer gap because they eat both plants and meat. Humans are an example of this category, and they also live on the African savanna. Next there are the scavengers that feed on carcasses, such as hyenas and vultures. The last aspect of the food web is the decomposer, which is bacteria, fungi and termites that break down dead plants and animals into organic matter. This organic matter is critical to providing nutrients for the plants or producers of the food web, which is the first level of the food cycle.