Also known as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama is a state in the southern United States. Named after a word that means "tribal town," Alabama became the 22nd state in the United States in 1819. Alabama's major cities include Montgomery, Birmingham, Mobile, Huntsville and Tuscaloosa. Its primary industries are agriculture, electricity production and mining.
As of 2013, Alabama is the 23rd most populous state in the United States, with a population of 4,833,722. Alabama has 67 counties, and its major rivers are the Tombigbee, Alabama, Tennessee and Chattahoochee. Bordering states include Mississippi, Tennessee, Georgia and Florida, and its highest point is Cheaha Mountain, which stands at 2,407 feet above sea level. Alabama has extensive pine forests, abundant water and is home to diverse wildlife populations.
Alabama is the 30th largest state with an area of 52,419 square miles. It has hot summers and mild winters, receives an average of 56 inches of rainfall per year and is prone to tropical storms and hurricanes. Some of its state symbols include the southern longleaf pine, camellia, yellowhammer woodpecker, fighting tarpon and largemouth bass. The main agricultural products in Alabama include cotton, corn, peanuts, soybeans, poultry and livestock. Alabama also ranks fifth in sweet potato farming.