The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a country located on the Asian continent at a latitude of 33.9791 degrees North and a longitude of 66.4849 degrees East. The landlocked nation is surrounded by the countries of China, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Afghanistan has a land area of 252,000 square miles. It is the 41st largest country in the world as of 2014, as well as the 42nd most populous country, with a population of approximately 31 million. The area has been inhabited by humans since the Middle Paleolithic period. The modern Islamic State of Afghanistan was established in 1992 by the Peshawar Accord.