What Are the “5 Cs of Arizona?”

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The “5 C’s” of Arizona are cattle, climate, cotton, copper and citrus. Historically, these five elements were critical to the economy of the state of Arizona, attracting people from all over for associated agricultural, industrial and tourism applications. Their importance to the state is clearly evidenced by the placement of symbols referring to the “5 C’s” on the Arizona state seal.

In Arizona, copper mining is an important industry and the state has been the top producing state in the US for over 100 years. Similarly, agricultural and farming jobs attracted people to live and work there. For example, grapefruit, lemons and limes are some of the main citrus fruits grown in Arizona. It also is a leading producer of cotton and beef. The climate helps to bring people to this state through tourism.