The 2010 earthquake that devastated Haiti took place on January 12th, at 4:52 p.m. The earthquake had a 7.0 magnitude on the Richter scale, which is defined as a major earthquake that causes damage to most buildings and is felt across great distances from the epicenter. The epicenter of the earthquake was 10 miles west of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti and the most populated area of the country.Continue Reading
The earthquake had a death toll of 220,000 people, with over 300,000 more injured. Following the earthquake, there were 33 aftershocks with magnitudes ranging between 4.2 to 5.9 on the Richter scale. Haiti has very poor building standards. The estimated number of homes destroyed is over 100,000, and twice as many were damaged. At least 1 1/2 million people became homeless. Four thousand schools were damaged or destroyed. Sixty percent of the government buildings in Port-au-Prince were destroyed or damaged. The amount of rubble found after the earthquake measured over 19 million cubic meters.
Haiti had a poor economy even before the earthquake. The majority of the country was surviving on the equivalent of less than $2 U.S. per day. Living conditions consisted of tight quarters, poorly constructed buildings and little access to tap water.Learn more about Caribbean