Xanthan gum is a substance made by fermenting bacteria with sugars, according to WebMD. It is an additive found in both foods and medicines. As a food additive, this substance is utilized either as a thickener or stabilizer.
Xanthan gum, which is also called xanthene, has the chemical formula C13H10O. Its molecular weight is 182.22 grams/mol. This compound has a variety of uses in medicine, such as in the treatment of diabetes, cholesterol and dry mouth, states WebMD. It also is useful as a laxative. Xanthan gum is found in other items like toothpaste.
It is a safe substance to take. However, only 15 grams per day should be taken because it could cause stomach problems if more than this amount is used, reports WebMD.