According to the Whole Grains Council, some of the most common types of whole grain foods include rice, oats, quinoa, rye, sorghum, spelt, teff and wheat. While most of these grains can be consumed on their own, it is common for them to be used to make breads or patties for easier consumption. To be considered a whole grain, the bran, germ and endosperm must be present.
About.com notes that farro is a popular whole grain that is commonly used in traditional Italian cooking to add texture and fiber. Quinoa is a widely popular whole grain food that is used both in recipes and on its own. Because quinoa takes only 15 minutes to fully cook, it is one of the most low-maintenance and versatile whole grain foods that exist.
According to FitDay, wheat pasta is an excellent source of whole grains that can be used in a variety of recipes. Numerous cereals, bran crackers and other complex bread products are whole grain foods as well. Whole grain bread is also a popular option. Foods labeled as containing oats or oat grain are typically whole grain. The Whole Grains Council advises consumers to look for the term "whole wheat" on food labels to ensure the entire grain is included.