Inorganic nutrients that facilitate growth and development in organisms include phosphorous, calcium, nitrogen, iron and fluorine. There are many different kinds of inorganic nutrients, and they are all characterized by their lack of carbon-to-carbon bonds.
Phosphorous and calcium are two inorganic nutrients that are responsible for bone growth in humans. Nitrogen helps give amino acids, the basic building blocks of proteins, their structure and shape. Iron helps maximize blood production to carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Fluorine is essential for optimizing proper tooth formation. In addition to these common inorganic nutrients, there are also many trace minerals found in all human food that are considered to be inorganic nutrients.