Three ingredients that are often used to make latkes are eggs, flour and potatoes. It is also necessary to use cooking oil during preparation. Latkes may also be flavored with onions, garlic and seasoning.
Latkes are a traditional food of the Jewish people and are commonly eaten during the Hanukkah festival. The frying oil for latkes symbolizes the oil from a Jewish story that kept the Second Temple lit with a miraculous flame that outlasted its capacity. The word "latke" is derived from the Russian/Ukrainian word "латка" meaning "patch."
Latkes are commonly associated with the term "potato pancake." However, it is not necessary to use potatoes to prepare the dish. Latkes can be made using vegetables like carrots, cheeses or legumes.