Gin is a distilled beverage that derives its strong flavor from juniper berries and contains 3 1/2 teaspoons (14 grams) of sugar. Although it was originally used solely for medicinal purposes, it has become an important part of the spirit industry.
Gin is believed to have been created by Franciscus Sylvius, a well-known Dutch physician, in the mid-17th century, although it is mentioned in several plays from the 1600s. It is currently one of the most widely-distributed spirits in the world and features a plethora of flavor profiles and styles. Gin is divided into four main categories: gin, juniper-flavored spirit drinks, distilled gin and London gin.