Staples of the Native American Apalachee included corn, beans and squash, though the tribe also subsisted on deer, small game, nuts and berries. The tribe lived between the Aucilla and Ochlockonee Rivers in northwest Florida, but its known descendants now live in Louisiana, as of 2015.
The Apalachee were a farming tribe, with the men preparing the fields and the women tending to the crops. The tribe had between 50,000 and 60,000 members prior to fighting with Europeans and exposure to contagious diseases brought by explorers. The Apalachees played a game similar to soccer in which members of different villages would kick a ball toward a goal post that was topped with a stuffed eagle. The game also served as a religious ceremony as members of the tribe dedicated games to the gods that controlled rain and thunder in an attempt to facilitate crop growth. The tribe also built large ceremonial mounds, some of which had structures on top.
The Apalachees abandoned their earlier religious beliefs and converted to Catholicism after losing their faith due to the hardships imposed by European exploration and diseases. Following attacks by the British in the early 1700s, the Apalachees moved north to an area that is now contained in southeastern Mississippi and southwestern Alabama. There are about 300 members of the Apalachee tribe living in Louisiana in 2015.