A Southern peach cobbler may use canned or fresh peaches. A recipe from Trisha's Southern Kitchen on FoodNetwork.com requires two 15-ounce cans of sliced peaches in syrup. A recipe from Southern Living on MyRecipes.com calls for 4 cups fresh peach slices.
If the cook uses fresh peach slices, she has to boil them with 1 cup sugar and 1 tablespoon lemon juice before pouring them over the batter in the buttered baking dish. The boiling step is not necessary if the cook uses canned peach slices. The batter for a Southern peach cobbler recipe typically includes flour, sugar and milk. The cook should use either self-rising flour or a combination of all-purpose flour, baking powder and salt.