To make a simple vinaigrette, combine 1/2 cup of red wine vinegar, 1/2 cup of vegetable oil, 1 clove of crushed garlic, 2 teaspoons of white sugar and 2 teaspoons of salt in a jar with a tight-fitting lid. Shake the jar well before serving to combine the ingredients. The basic ingredients of a vinaigrette are the vinegar and oil. By substituting various types of oil and vinegar, you can make many variations.
For a simple balsamic vinaigrette, combine 1/2 cup of extra virgin olive oil, 1/2 cup of white balsamic vinegar, 1 clove of crushed garlic, 1 teaspoon of ground mustard, a pinch of salt and ground black pepper to taste in a small bowl. Whisk the ingredients together in the bowl, and stir in minced herbs if desired.
For a spicier mustard vinaigrette, start by mincing 2 teaspoons of garlic. Then, combine this garlic with 1/2 cup of white vinegar, 1 tablespoon of honey, 1 tablespoon of Dijon mustard and 1 cup of vegetable oil. Add about 1/2 teaspoon of ground black pepper, 2 teaspoons of salt and 4 drops of hot sauce to taste. Whisk all of these ingredients together in a bowl, and chill the dressing until you are ready to serve it.