A fresh whole turkey has an estimated freezer shelf life of 12 months. However, there are factors that impact the shelf life of all frozen food, such as the temperature at which it is stored and the packaging materials used to store it.
Another factor that influences the shelf life of frozen food is the amount of space given between each item in the freezer, since consistent air circulation helps maintain even temperatures. Also, cooked food must cool completely before freezing to retain the color, texture and flavor.
Turkey parts require moisture and vapor resistant packaging to prevent freezer burn. The store packaging of a whole frozen turkey is adequate for freezing.