Sesame seeds come from the Sesamum Indicum plant, which is a native of Africa. The seeds are used to make sesame oil and spices, and are also used as a flavoring on bread.
The Sesamum Indicum plant grows up to 6 feet tall. This drought-resistant plant has oblong leaves and white-to-light-rose flowers. The seeds are formed in grooved capsule-like fruits and contain more than 100 seeds.
Sesame seeds are full of antioxidants and minerals such as copper, manganese, calcium and Vitamins B1 and E. The seeds have a nutty flavor that is enhanced by roasting them. Medicinally, the seeds are used to treat anemia and blurred vision.