A traditional full Scottish breakfast includes sausage links, bacon, eggs, potatoes, sauteed mushrooms, grilled tomatoes, baked beans, buttered toast and black pudding. Other popular breakfast items include porridge and kippers, which are cold smoked herring. Breakfast is always served with tea or coffee.
Most of these breakfast items are popular in other parts of the British Isles and in other western countries, but two quintessentially Scottish breakfast items are black pudding and tattie scones. Black pudding is a sausage made from pigs’ blood, fat, oats, barley and spices that are stuffed in casings. Tattie scones are mashed potatoes that have been grilled or fried in a pan.
Porridge is simply oatmeal with boiled water that is cooked with a touch of salt. In Scotland it is traditionally stirred using a wooden spurtle to keep it from congealing. Some people prefer to eat it with dried fruit and a touch of brown sugar. Kippers are split into a butterfly shape from tail to head, and then they are salted in brine and smoked over hot wood chips.
Like people in most countries, Scots have different preferences and many kinds of juice, yogurts, fresh fruits, preserves and cereals are popular breakfast choices.