Strawberries are also known as the genus Fragaria, a group of flowering plants that includes both domesticated strawberries and many wild types. Under the binomial (two-name) scientific naming scheme, "Fragaria" is the first part of the name of all species of strawberry.
The domestic strawberry is a hybrid between Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis, two different species native to the Americas. This hybrid is called the garden strawberry. Fragaria chiloensis was cultivated by Mapuche and Huilliche peoples prior to European settlement and is also known as the coastal strawberry. Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria vesca are both called wild strawberry, though there are many other wild species besides them. Fragaria vesca is also sometimes called the woodland strawberry.