A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is typically treated with antibiotics, according to Mayo Clinic. Which antibiotic is used and for what duration depends on the bacterium causing the UTI and other factors.
Most commonly, noncomplex UTIs are treated with sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim antibiotics or with amoxicillin, nitrofurantoin, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin, according to Mayo Clinic. Typically, symptoms of UTI clear up within just a few days after the commencement of treatment, although antibiotic treatment can last longer; doctors warn that the full course of antibiotics should be taken as prescribed, even when symptoms have improved. However, sometimes a doctor will prescribe a shorter source of antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated UTIs.
In addition to antibiotics, some doctors treat UTI with pain medications that numb the urethra and the bladder. This relieves the sensation of burning that occurs during urination when someone is suffering from UTI. These analgesic pain remedies can discolor the urine, turning it to a red or orange color, reports Mayo Clinic.
Frequent UTIs may require a longer antibiotic course or a regimen that includes short antibiotic courses that begin with the beginning of any noticeable UTI symptoms. Urine tests that can be done at home to test for infection may also be recommended, as can a dose of antibiotics following sex, according to Mayo Clinic.