Q:

What are the properties of sugar?

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Quick Answer

Sugar, or granulated sucrose, is a colorless, sweet-tasting crystalline powder that usually comes from a cane sugar or sugar beet. It is also called table sugar and is used as a sweetener in food.

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Full Answer

After it is extracted, sucrose is purified and crystallized before being ready for use in recipes such as desserts and candies. This carbohydrate is useful for its sweet taste and structural properties. Chemically, sucrose is a disaccharide made of fructose and glucose, which are both monosaccharides.

Sucrose can be melted into caramel, in which it forms a noncrystalline structure. It also breaks down into carbon, carbon dioxide and water to be rapidly metabolized by the body.

Other types of sugar include galactose, maltose, ribose and xylose. All of them have sweetening and tenderizing properties.

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Related Questions

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    What is sucralose made from?

    A:

    Sucralose is made from regular table sugar, or sucrose. The process replaces three hydrogen-oxygen groups on the sugar atom with three chlorine atoms, which creates an artificial sweetener that gives the taste of sugar without the calories. Sucralose is 600 times sweeter than ordinary sugar.

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    What are some examples of refined sugars?

    A:

    There are many names for refined, but the easiest way to identify refined sugars in ingredients is by the words "syrup," "malt," and anything ending in "-ose," such as sucrose, corn syrup or fructose. Refining is a basic part of the sugar manufacturing process that softens and dissolves raw sugar.

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    How does sugar act as a preservative?

    A:

    Sugar acts as a preservative because it causes bacteria to lose water, hampering their ability to live and propagate in the preserved food. Food In Jars reveals that sugar also improves the set, or firmness, of jams, jellies and fruit butters. Many recipes for preserved fruits, vegetables and meats combine sugar with salt, which also inhibits bacterial growth. Both sugar and salt also inhibit mold growth and fungal development.

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    Where does sugar come from?

    A:

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