According to data from 2010, mangoes generate the largest import volume of any other tropical fruit on the market, followed by pineapples, papayas and avocados. Together, these four fruits form the group that is sometimes referred to as "major tropical fruits."
While Asian tropical regions still produce the majority of the world's tropical fruit supply, other regions continue to increase production. Specifically, the Caribbean recently increased production of key tropical fruit crops. In the Asian region, Thailand produces a large amount of crops for export, among them pineapple, mango and papaya. In the western hemisphere, Mexico and Costa Rica produce significant amounts of tropical fruit for export. As of 2012, Mexico leads the world in avocado production and exports. Production in these countries is largely generated by demand in major markets such as Europe and the United States.
Unlike other fruits that are identified based on their characteristics, the category of tropical fruit is a designation that communicates more about where the fruit is grown rather than its appearance or flavor. The term tropical fruit typically refers to fruits that are grown within the region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The unique environmental conditions in these regions allow many exotic species of vegetation to flourish. While tropical fruits vary considerably in appearance and flavor, they generally are sweeter and have higher sugar content than fruits grown in non-tropical regions.