Plums grow in all climates except the most extreme. There are three categories of plum trees: European, Japanese and American hybrid. Each category grows best in different climates.
Japanese plums, including dark red Satsuma plums, are sensitive to cold. They grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 5 through 8, which are the same zones where peaches grow.
European plums tend to be hardier than Japanese plums. They grow throughout most of the United States. The Stanley plum is a variety of European plum recommended for growing in the eastern and northwestern parts of the country.
American hybrid plums are very hardy, growing where some other varieties cannot. Superior, Underwood and Alderman plums are three recommended American hybrid varieties.