The U.S. Department of Agriculture states that fruits contain a number of essential nutrients, including potassium, dietary fiber, vitamin C and folate. Furthermore, fruits have no cholesterol and have low fat, sodium and calorie counts.
The USDA explains the various benefits of these nutrients in fruits, stating that they may help to lower calorie intake and protect against certain cancers along with other health effects. Dietary fiber helps reduce blood cholesterol levels and may lower the risk of heart disease. Fruits containing potassium may help to maintain healthy blood pressure. These fruits include bananas, cantaloupe, dried peaches, dried apricots, honeydew melons, prunes, prune juice and orange juice. Vitamin C affects the growth and repair of all body tissues. It also helps heal cuts and wounds and keeps the teeth and gums healthy. Folate, or folic acid, helps the body form red blood cells. It also reduces the risk of neural tube defects, spina bifida and anencephaly during fetal development.
The USDA also claims that diets with lots of fiber may reduce the risk of heart disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Diets rich in potassium may also reduce the risk of developing kidney stones and help to decrease bone loss.