What Nutrients Are Found in Vegetables?


Quick Answer

Vegetables contain many nutrients in small and large quantities. The most significant are vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K. Males need more of these vitamins than females, except when females are pregnant or lactating.

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What Nutrients Are Found in Vegetables?
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Full Answer

Vitamin A is essential for keeping skin and eyes healthy, and it protects against infection. Thiamine is also called vitamin B1 and aids digestion. It helps the body absorb other nutrients and turn carbohydrates into energy. Riboflavin is also called vitamin B2, and it protects the body from cellular damage. Riboflavin also helps the body break down fats, carbohydrates and proteins for energy. Niacin softens the arteries and raises the levels of good cholesterol. According to WebMD, studies show that it decreases the risk of another heart-attack for people who have previously had one.

Pantothenic acid, also known as vitamin B5, performs many important functions for the bloodstream. It reduces stress and makes virus-fighting proteins. Folic acid helps the body absorb other nutrients and fights against diseases of the liver and ulcerative colitis. In pregnant women, it reduces the chance of miscarriages and certain birth defects. Vitamin C supports the immune system and fights the formation of cancer-causing compounds.

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