One cup of turnips and turnip greens contains 5 grams of dietary fiber, a nutrient that the body needs for health digestion. Turnips are also high in vitamins A, C, E and K, as well as protein. Since they are low in calories and fat, they are a healthy addition to the diet.
The dietary fiber in turnips offers several health benefits, including normalized bowel movements and improved bowel health. A high dietary fiber intake also helps keep cholesterol levels in check and improves blood sugar levels. Men under age 50 should aim to consume 38 grams of fiber per day, and women under age 50 should aim to consume 25 grams per day. Turnips can help meet these fiber requirements.
Vitamin K, another nutrient found in turnips, plays an important role in blood clotting and helps prevent excessive bleeding. Vitamin C is necessary for the growth and repair of body tissues. It allows the body to make a protein called collagen, which is present in skin, tendons and ligaments, among other tissues. Vitamin E is involved in the production of red blood cells, helps the body use vitamin K, and helps protect the body against diseases such as cancer and heart disease.