Vermouth, fruit juices, cucumber slices, flavored soda water and rosemary are popular ingredients to mix with dry gin. Tonic is also another beverage that is commonly mixed with gin. Classic gin cocktails include the Gin Martini and the Negroni.
A high quality gin will be relatively dry compared to other spirits. Gin is typically mixed in cocktails along with ingredients like tonic water or vermouth to balance this dryness. Citrus fruit juices such as grapefruit juice and pineapple juice are also popular in gin cocktail recipes as they add a natural sweetness.
Gin is a liquor distilled from fermented cereals and flavored with juniper berries. It was developed in the Netherlands in the early 17th century. Gin derives its name from the French word for Juniper, genévrier, and not from the city of Geneva as is commonly believed.
Dry gin, or London dry gin, is an evolution of Dutch gin and was developed late in the 19th century. Dry gin is re-distilled after the juniper, and other citrus botanicals are added to a neutral grain spirit, producing a type of gin known as Old Tom gin is sweetened for use as a liqueur. There is also sloe gin, which is produced using the flavor of sloe berries rather than juniper berries.