Traditional Portuguese dishes frequently include fish from the Atlantic Ocean, pork, beef and spicy sausages, such as chourico and salpicao. Traditional spices include garlic, cinnamon, paprika, bay leaves and salt. Black pepper, vanilla, saffron are some other staples Regional cheeses, rice, legumes and vegetables such as kale, onions and cabbage are also common ingredients in traditional Portuguese dishes. Potatoes and carrots are popular as well.
Traditional Portuguese dishes often use salted cod, sardines, octopus, squid or sea bass. Many recipes also call for swordfish, anchovies, prawns or lobster. Roast pork or beef and meat marinated in wine are also traditional favorites. Portuguese cooks often use olive oil and sweet red peppers and piri piri, a sauce or rub made from the hot red piri-piri pepper in cooking as well.
One traditional Portugese favorite is Caldo Verde, a soup that contains cabbage or kale, potato, black pudding or spicy sausage, such as chourico. Gaspacho soup is a southern Portuguese favorite that incorporates tomato, onion, cucumber, garlic and chilies in a vinegar base.
Regional Portuguese cheeses usually consist of sheep's or goat's milk. Desserts are often egg-based and flavored with cinnamon or vanilla. Some popular traditions are rice pudding with cinnamon, and sponge cake flavored with orange, Madeira, port wine, cinnamon and lemon.