A standard serving of one cup of cabbage soup contains approximately 71 calories. 39 percent of these come from fat, 41 percent from carbohydrates and 20 percent from protein. A serving of cabbage soup represents approximately four percent of the recommended daily caloric intake for the average person.
A serving of cabbage soup also contains 24 percent of the daily recommended amount of Vitamin C. Cabbage soup also provides 316 milligrams of sodium and 399 milligrams of potassium per serving. As comparisons, chicken noodle soup has approximately 65 calories per one cup serving, while tomato soup has approximately 102 calories.