To make Jamaican meat patties, cook a spiced ground beef filling, wrap the filling in a homemade curry flour dough, and bake it in the oven. A recipe for Jamaican beef patties by Cheryl Smith is available on FoodNetwork.com.
First, make the dough by combining 3 cups of all-purpose flour, 1/2 teaspoon of salt and 2 tablespoons of curry powder in a food processor. Pulse, then add 1 cup of cold butter or shortening, and process again until the mixture resembles small crumbs. Combine 3/4 cup of iced water, 1 tablespoon of vinegar and 2 egg yolks in a small bowl, then add to the food processor, and pulse until a ball forms. Cover the dough with plastic wrap, set in the refrigerator, and let it sit for 30 minutes.
To make the filling, heat 2 tablespoons of peanut oil in a saucepan, then add 1 diced medium onion, 4 sliced scallions, 1 tablespoon of fresh thyme leaves and 1/2 teaspoon of chopped Scotch bonnet peppers. Saute over medium heat until the onions begin to soften, then add 1 pound of ground beef and 1 teaspoon of salt, and cover with water. Simmer for 20 minutes, then add 1 cup of breadcrumbs, and adjust seasoning to taste.
Preheat the oven to 375 degrees Fahrenheit, then roll the dough flat to 1/8-inch thickness. Cut 6-inch circles out of the dough, then set 2 tablespoons of filling into each dough round. Brush an egg wash on the edges, then fold the dough over, and press to seal. Bake the patties for 25 to 35 minutes on a parchment-paper-lined sheet pan.