Apples can be stored for 1 to 3 days at room temperature, 3 to 4 weeks in the refrigerator and 10 to 12 months in the freezer. Apples can absorb odors from the refrigerator, so store them in plastic bags away from odorous foods to prevent absorption.
Apples are best stored in humid environments between 30 and 35 degrees F, as their lifespan will drastically decrease with every 10-degree rise in temperature. This is why the refrigerator is an ideal location to store fresh apples.
If the apples are not fully ripe when purchased, allow them to sit out at room temperature before storing them in the refrigerator. To store in the refrigerator, place the apples in a plastic bag and store in the crisper drawer, or cover the apples with a damp paper towel. When storing apples together, remove any bruised apples, as they can cause the other apples to over-ripen and rot.
Apples can be stored in the freezer, but apples that are stored below 30 degrees F are in danger of their cell walls collapsing, which causes the apples to turn to mush when thawed.
Another storage option for apples is a root cellar or other cool place free of sunlight. Store these apples in perforated plastic bags for long-term storage.