The Scotch Bonnet pepper is commonly grown in Jamaica and other areas of the Caribbean. Varieties of the pepper are found in Guyana, West Africa and the Maldives Islands as well. Scotch Bonnet peppers can also be grown by home gardeners across much of the United States.
The Scotch Bonnet pepper is a member of the Capsicum chinense species of peppers, and is characterized by its squat shape and searing heat. The Scotch Bonnet was specifically named as an export from the Caribbean islands as early as 1767, and is still prized as one of Jamaica's iconic exports. While peppers such as the Scotch Bonnet thrive in the tropical or sub-tropical climates found across the Caribbean and Africa, gardeners in colder climates can also grow these peppers successfully by starting their seeds indoors eight to 10 weeks before the last frost date. Plants may be grown in pots and brought inside in the fall to prolong the growing season further.