Acceptable foods on a low-residue diet include refined grain products, well-cooked fruits and vegetables without their skin or seeds, dairy products in moderation, lean meat and eggs, and most condiments and refined sweets, according to WebMD. Patients on a low-residue diet need to avoid whole grain products, nuts and seeds, most raw vegetables and fruits, and dried fruit.
Low-residue diets treat gastrointestinal problems, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and diverticulitis, maintains WebMD. Patients on a low-residue diet stick to foods that are easy to digest and avoid foods that are difficult to digest. The diet results in fewer, smaller bowel movements and fewer gastrointestinal symptoms. Some patients need a low-residue diet for a long time, while others progress to a more normal diet.
Patients on a low-residue diet choose processed grain products, such as white bread, plain crackers, cooked refined cereals, white rice and refined pasta, recommends WebMD. Soft cooked and canned vegetables provide additional nutrients. Soft ripe bananas and melons, canned fruits, and avocados are also acceptable choices. Remove skins from baked potatoes, and choose canned tomato products with no skins or seeds. Milk is acceptable in moderation or when paired with a lactase supplements. Some patients do not tolerate milk.