Biscotti cookies and pignoli cookies are popular types of Italian cookies. Biscotti cookies are twice-baked with added fruit or nuts and normally eaten with coffee, while pignoli cookies are almond macaroons with pine nuts.
The biscotti cookie has a crunchy texture that is not very sweet, with varying flavors. It supposedly originated in Roman times and was used as rations for Roman Legions due to its durability. In 1858, baker Antonio Mattei formulated the recipe for the modern biscotti in the Tuscan city of Prato.
The pignoli cookie is an almond-based cookie with a chewy texture that is topped with toasted pine nuts. The recipe for the pignoli originated in Sicily and eventually made its way to the United States in the late 1800s when about 100,000 Sicilians migrated across the Atlantic.