Hummus is a Middle Eastern spread or dip of pureed chickpeas with tahini, garlic, lemon juice and oil, according to the Free Dictionary. Hummus is an ancient Levantine food. The earliest known recipes for hummus were recorded in cookbooks published in Cairo in the 13th century.
Hummus is high in iron and vitamin C. It has significant amounts of folic acid and vitamin B6. The chickpeas are a good source of protein and dietary fiber. Tahini consists mostly of sesame seeds that are an excellent source of the amino acid methionine. Depending on the recipe, humus carries varying amounts of monounsaturated fat. Humus is a popular dish in vegetarian and vegan diets. It serves as a complete protein when eaten with bread.