Soap Recipes 101 provides a variety of homemade soap recipes, including recipes for A Simple Soap and Beeswax Soap. It is recommended to run all recipes through a lye counter before starting.
A Basic Cold Process Soap Recipe requires 24 ounces coconut and olive oil, 38 ounces vegetable shortening, 12 ounces lye and 32 ounces distilled water. Adding 3 to 4 ounces of a selected essential oil is optional. Heat the water, and add lye slowly, continuously stirring. Don't let the water boil or breathe in the fumes.
Let the lye cool, and heat the oils until they are melted together. When both mixtures are within 10 degrees of each other, mix them together. A surface layer starts to form, and this is a good time to add the essential oils. Pour the final mixture into molds, cover with a blanket, and let them sit for 24 hours.
To make the Beeswax Soap, heat 4 ounces almond oil, 6 ounces canola oil, 8 ounces coconut oil, 7 ounces olive oil and 6 ounces soybean oil to 150 degrees Fahrenheit. Grate and melt 1 ounce beeswax, and add it to the oil mixture, then let it cool to 115 degrees. Heat 4.3 ounces of 8-percent super fat lye and 12 ounces water to 110 degrees. Add the lye solution to the oils, and then stir in 2 tablespoons honey.
Stir this mixture until it is well blended, and pour into molds no more than 1-inch deep. Cover it in Saran wrap, and let it harden.