The blueberry cobbler is a combination of a fruit native to American soil mixed with a topping born of the original settlers' ingenuity. A cobbler is a deep-dish fruit dessert topped with a biscuit crust that resembles golden cobblestones when baked.
When the Pilgrims immigrated to the New World, they brought their own seeds and recipes. However, many seeds didn't take in the new soil. As such, the Pilgrims had to accommodate their recipes for the fruit and vegetables endemic to their new continent.
Blueberries are native to North America. They are part of the genus Vaccinium. American Indians gathered blueberries and used them in traditional foods such as game stews and pemmican.
The Pilgrims learned to use these fruits from the American Indians. However, they started adapting their own recipes to include blueberries. They originally tried using the blueberries in suet puddings, but they lacked some of the ingredients and tools.
Next, they tried stewing the blueberries with sugar. To simulate a sort of pie, they mixed dumpling batter and dropped dollops on top of the stewed blueberries. After baking this concoction, they had created a replacement for the pie.
Originally, blueberry cobbler served as a breakfast or the main course of lunch and dinner. Late in the 19th century, blueberry cobbler became popular as a dessert.