Garbanzo beans, or chickpeas, are high in protein, fiber content and several vitamins and minerals known to benefit human health, according to Medical News Today. Chickpeas complement a high-fiber diet that can aid digestion. They are thought to be better tolerated than other legumes such as beans, peas and lentils.
Chickpeas are both vegan and gluten-free, notes Medical News Today. They contain high levels of iron, vitamin B-6 and magnesium. They are also a good source of folate, copper, phosphorus and zinc. The most common type of chickpea is beige and round in shape. Other varieties include beans that are colored black, green or red.